The hip joint is one of the most important joints because of its ability to keep us mobile and retain balance. It allows us to bear our body’s weight, walk, run and jump. It is also one of the most flexible joints allowing a great range of motion.
The hip is also a ball and joint socket. It allows you to turn in different directions while supporting the body. Cartilage lines the socket of the joint and covers the ball, or upper end of the thigh bone, allowing the ball to move easily in the socket of the hip bone. The hip joint is reinforced by four ligaments and several muscle groups located on the front (anterior), back (posterior) and medial (outside) of the hip. These muscles work together to allow flexion, extension, adbuction and adduction of the hip and leg.
Diagnosis of your hip injury or condition will begin with a discussion of your health history and a physical examination. Further diagnostic testing may also be necessary for diagnosis or to eliminate possibilities before a course of treatment can be decided between you and the doctor.
Depending on the syptoms and severity, prescribed treatments may include non-surgical treatments such as exercises, activity modifications or physical therapy. Anti-inflamatory medications or steroid injections may also be used. If operative care is required, most sports oriented injuries to the hip can be accomplished through minimally invasive procedures.